Introduction: Ancient Greek Philosophy
Greek Philosophers believed virtue as excellence of any kind. A virtue is a character trait or quality that is valued as good, by the society. Virtues generally further the good of the society and the individual. It is a disposition of the character to act in an appropriate and beneficial way.
Virtues can be seen in the context of values. A value is a core yardstick of measuring the desirability and appropriateness of the things we observe around. Every individual abides by some values that guide his actions and beliefs. Likewise, every society upholds certain values that are valued as important for the establishment of a good life. However, it is not necessary that an individual’s values are in conformity to the social values.
Given the broad spectrum of human values, values can be broadly categorized into four groups- Read More…
Emile Durkheim, John Stuart Mill, and Immanuel Kant represent the thinkers of the modern age who, not only changed the fate of several social sciences but also, changed the human perception towards Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude. The insights that these thinkers made in the universe of ethics, is very useful and rich for the contemporary society.
So, let’s discuss some of the important ideas of these thinkers:
Why do we Need to Study Western Thinkers?
Let’s make a basic idea clear first: there is no such thing as Ethics for a particular country/region/religion. Ethics and morality refer to a way of viewing things, and deliberating about the best possible ways to achieve human happiness. Thus, it might not be a good strategy to outcaste the western philosophers while trying to understand such issues.
Another thing to be kept in mind is that, it is important to understand the ideas and perspectives of the western thinkers, for they enrich our understanding of the human psyche. By bringing different perspectives, and standpoints, the study of western thinkers add to the knowledge that we try to unlock.
Thus, any aspirant should try to understand these thinkers, with a purpose other than securing good marks in exam.