The term Panchayati Raj in India signifies the system of rural local self-government. It has been established in all the states of India by the Acts of the state legislatures to build democracy at the grass root level. It was constitutionalised through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. It is entrusted with rural development.
The introduction of the Community Development Programme in 1952 was a major step for bringing about economic development and social welfare in rural India For this, it was considered necessary to develop adequate administrative set-up, which could promote people welfare and cope with the problems of development at the local level.