An atomic nucleus is a bound quantum state which is capable to exist in variable quantum states characterized by their different properties. It constitutes two different elementary particles known as protons and neutrons. These elementary particles are jointly known as nucleons. The atomic nucleus generally exists in the lowest energy state also known as ground state. The properties corresponding to these ground states are known as static properties whereas the dynamic properties are those which are characterized during nuclear reactions, nuclear decay and nuclear excitation.
In this article we will discuss the static properties of nuclei.