Principle of Character
Gandhi idealizes a moral and ethical character. Character comes from within. It is the key to success. One’s character must be clear, truthful and self-controlled. Gandhi believed that the true test of a civilization and culture is the degree to which these are able to inculcate moral-ethical values in the character of an individual. It is a moral character that guides the human beings towards progress. A weak character breaks in the wake of adverse situations; but a strong and stable character faces every adversity with courage. Also, a good character radiates itself to the society, bringing goodness all around. Thus, a noble character alone can make an impact on the masses. Read More…
The ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, not only influenced the currents in the Indian society, but also influenced the global philosophical debates. Gandhi is seen as a champion of the modern ethical philosophical thinkers. His life, itself, became an example of moral-ethical conduct. He viewed human life as an integrated whole, which grows through our actions and beliefs. Gandhi gave moral values, a predominant role in the process of reform of the human society.
Ethics in Hinduism
Doctrine of Karma
This doctrine asserts that whatever a person suffers/enjoys is a fruit of his own deeds. This doctrine introduces the concept of cycles of births, in which, an individual take rebirth after living a life. Through his karma of the previous birth, his fate is determined for the present birth. Karma can be of four types- Sanchit karma, which means the accumulated past actions; Prarabdha karma, which means the part of karma which has been done in the present birth; Kriyamana karma, which means the present voluntary actions of the free will; and Agami karma, which means the immediate result caused by our present actions. Read More…
Moral consciousness is a constituent part of the human society. A society's moral consciousness develops with time and age. In different ages, different individuals have ventured into the moral-ethical principles guiding the society, through its ups and downs. A substantive portion of ethical knowledge is derived from our past, in the form of religious scriptures, social customs and traditions.
India is one of the oldest civilizations of the world. Due to this fact, India has a vast reserve of moral-ethical scriptures, which guided our civilization through the ages. The foundations of Indian ethics can be seen in the metaphysical and theological beliefs in the form of worship, prayers and ideals and principles of the society. In India, there exists an intimate relationship between ethics and religion. Read More…
Vision and Values
A Vision is important for an organization, as it provides a conceptual framework for understanding organizational purpose. Vision expresses the guiding philosophy of an organization, while underlining its core values and principles. It might not be enforceable legally, but it does enjoy a moral appeal. Vision expresses the goal, to attain which, the organization comes into existence. Thus, a vision entails the foundational values of an organization. It also provides the legitimizing principle of the organization.
Through it, the people, who are the consumers of the services provided by the organization, become aware of what to expect, and the standards of excellence which the organization adheres to. A vision finds its significance in the wake of turbulent forces in the environment. It helps the organization to justify its existence, in the wake of protest. Read More…
Values are the principles and fundamental convictions which act as broad guidelines to human behaviour; and the standards through which any human action is judged. Values are an indispensable part of the human society, as anything that we see and find around us, is viewed with reference to some value principle. Throughout our life, we learn from our experiences. Our behaviour change according to the situation. Thus, throughout our life we keep adjusting and adapting to different values.
In this sense, values give meaning to human life, while guiding our behaviour. Our actions are moulded by our decisions, which are guided by our attitude and beliefs. Since values play a formative role in building our beliefs and attitude, they play a central role in guiding our actions and responses. Read More…
Who is a Morally Educated Person??
It is not necessary that a person with a traditional moral upbringing will be moral. Morality, to some extent, is independent of tradition and customs. A person who is told about what to do/not do, cannot be an autonomous rational being. Morality cannot be objective and universal. It has to be derived by each individual, according to the time and circumstances before him. Read More…
Ethics can be differentiated from Morality, as the latter is a set of beliefs and practices concerned with what is understood as good and evil. While ethics are philosophical deliberations that come up with the moral justifications and principles that guide our moral values. Thus, ethics has a wider scope than morality. However, still, the terms- ethics and morality are often used interchangeably.
While Morality can limit the scope of human deliberation, in determining the goals and means towards the human ends, Ethics lays faith in the free will of the individual, and gives enough room for the individual to deliberate upon different means to an end, while also providing a moral justification for the same. The obligatory character of ethical norms is derived from the very fact that they are derived on the basis of experience of the ages, based upon human free will.
Are Ethical and Moral Principles Timeless?
No education can be deemed complete, without a moral development of the person. Mere literacy does not make an individual educated. Rather, being educated is being capable to reflect and evaluate the social world around us. Absence of moral values can bring adverse impacts for the society. An immoral, but skilled person is more dangerous to the society, than a moral but unskilled one.
‘no knowledge is better than half-knowledge’.
Most of the pathological practices are the result of this half-knowledge. The growing incidence of murder, rape, arson, violence and terrorism are nothing but a product of wrongly conceptualized theories and ideas.
There is an urgent need to introduce the moral content in education. There is a need to check the uncontrolled expansion of desires and wants. The expansion of our uncontrolled materialistic desires has been taking place at the cost of our moral stature. Thus, there is a need to arose the moral consciousness of man.