The rise of Indian nationalism can only explained in terms of Indian response to the British Raj through the creation of new institutions, new opportunities, resources, etc. In fact, it would be more correct to say that it was a product of various factors- Indian Renaissance, Offshoot of Modern education, and development of press and right of self-determination by French Revolution. The seed of formal struggle were started with evolution of institution which is discussed below:
Symbolism in Indian art is referred to ideological depiction on sculpture and architecture. The emergence of architectural and sculptural aspects of various forms like temple, Stupas and caves etc under the patronage of state has reached its developed stage during Mauryan period from its early terracotta forms. The Asokan pillar, the animals and carvings on the pillars, representation of Buddha in the form of foot print, Bodhi tree, Stupa with glassy polish surface, all show the maturity of artist.
“outlining perspectives on caste and gender that emerged in both Hinduism and Islam”
From the late 19th century, a number of European and Indian scholars started the study of ancient India’s history, philosophy, science, religious and literature. This growing knowledge of India’s past glory provided to the Indian people a sense of pride in their civilization. It also helped the reforms in their work of religious and social reform for their struggle against all type of inhuman practices, superstitions, etc. Since, they had become associated with religious beliefs. Therefore most of the movements of social reforms were of a religious character.
These social and religious reform movements arose among all communities of the Indian people. They attacked bigotry. Superstition and the hold of the priestly class. They worked for abolition of castes and untouchability, purdah system, sati, child marriage, social inequalities and illiteracy. Some of the reformers were supported directly or indirectly by the British officials and some of the reformers were supported reformative stops and regulations framed by the British Government. Read More…
Throughout Indian history, events and developments in Central Asia had a deep and abiding impact on India. As we have seen, during the 10th and the 12th centuries, led to a new Turkish incursion into India, this time in shape of Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur.
Conflicting trends of liberalism and catholicity on the one hand and rigid exclusiveness and
conservatism, on the other, were noticeable both within the Hindu religion and Islam during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Nanak, whose teachings led to the establishment of the Sikh religion, had many similarities with the nirguna saints in opposing the caste system, and was a part of the liberal, syncretic tradition.
Islam and India
The struggle between the trends of liberalism and catholicity and rigid exclusiveness and
Even though women are considered to be form of Goddesses in Indian Subcontinent , they were limited by the stereotypes and the structure of our society. The position of women in our society are still better than what it was few centuries back.( Yes!! this is so even with India’s dismal rank of 114 out of 142 countries in gender based disparities.)
The most striking aspect of the 376 Indians who were part of the Komagata Maru adventure was the bravery they exhibited, their unwavering commitment in keeping afloat the pride of their country and vastly influencing inter-continental movement of mankind. The story of the Komagata Maru resonates beyond 1914, linking to freedom movement in India and the right to vote for South Asians in Canada. Their stand echoes all men and women everywhere who oppose exclusion and domination on grounds of race, colour and origin. Read More…