The national movement evolved a much broader concept of humanism, that guided the Indian state, post-independence. The National movement was motivated by a humanistic spirit, that guided the people towards a common brotherhood. This human spirit was based on two sources:
Swami Vivekananda was a pioneer of rational thought, in ethics and religion, in modern India. He tried to reconciliate Sankara’s concept of Advaita in Ramakrishna Paramhansa’s teachings. He tried to give a rational, concrete and scientific account of practical Vedanta. He viewed the central point of Vedanta as the unity in diversity. His ideas synthesize the philosophical and material aspects. He worked to bring out the philosophical ideas in the Hindu religion out for the common man. His version of Vedanta is called Practical Vedanta. Vivekananda’s teachings are full of ideas of humanism.
Tagore is known as the advocate of humanism, love, harmony and fellowship. His ideas transcended the barriers of ethinicity and nationality.
Jawaharlal Nehru has been hailed as one of the chief architects of the modern Indian state. Nehru was a great statesman and an idealist. He never vowed before the conservative forces, that tried to obstruct the development of the nation. However, unlike Gandhi, he did not put the concept of spirituality at the centre of his concern. But, his ideas remained equally humane, rational and this-worldly. He stood against the forces of communalism, casteism, landlordism and religious taboos. His accommodating attitude guided the infant Indian state through the most challenging phases. Read More…