The Indian National Movement was based on certain values and principles, that have further guided the constitutional development in India. It upheld the values of secularism, socialism, democracy and humanism. Most of these values evolved and emerged as a result of the struggle against the British rule.
Indian society is a kaleidoscopic community, with different religious and ethnic communities. It represents a truly plural society. Religious aspects have influenced the life of the people to a great extent. The intermingling of the different religious communities have given a sense of toleration among different communities.
Men and society has always been concerned about the social milieu in which we live. Thus, men of great intellect and vision have made deep insights into the issues of ethics and morality, in their attempt to explore the appropriate ‘means’ and ‘ends’ of the human life.
Education of an individual has a long-lasting impact. Thus, there is a great emphasis on the nature and scope of education system in reforming and inculcating the human life with ethical principles. There has been a realization of the urgent need to control our materialistic impulses through the development of cognition, belief and emotions. That is why, the theme of value education has become very important in the contemporary society.
In India, the National Policy on Education (1986) reiterated the same need for value education. Read More…
Principle of Character
Gandhi idealizes a moral and ethical character. Character comes from within. It is the key to success. One’s character must be clear, truthful and self-controlled. Gandhi believed that the true test of a civilization and culture is the degree to which these are able to inculcate moral-ethical values in the character of an individual. It is a moral character that guides the human beings towards progress. A weak character breaks in the wake of adverse situations; but a strong and stable character faces every adversity with courage. Also, a good character radiates itself to the society, bringing goodness all around. Thus, a noble character alone can make an impact on the masses. Read More…
The ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, not only influenced the currents in the Indian society, but also influenced the global philosophical debates. Gandhi is seen as a champion of the modern ethical philosophical thinkers. His life, itself, became an example of moral-ethical conduct. He viewed human life as an integrated whole, which grows through our actions and beliefs. Gandhi gave moral values, a predominant role in the process of reform of the human society.
Moral consciousness is a constituent part of the human society. A society's moral consciousness develops with time and age. In different ages, different individuals have ventured into the moral-ethical principles guiding the society, through its ups and downs. A substantive portion of ethical knowledge is derived from our past, in the form of religious scriptures, social customs and traditions.
India is one of the oldest civilizations of the world. Due to this fact, India has a vast reserve of moral-ethical scriptures, which guided our civilization through the ages. The foundations of Indian ethics can be seen in the metaphysical and theological beliefs in the form of worship, prayers and ideals and principles of the society. In India, there exists an intimate relationship between ethics and religion. Read More…
Values are the principles and fundamental convictions which act as broad guidelines to human behaviour; and the standards through which any human action is judged. Values are an indispensable part of the human society, as anything that we see and find around us, is viewed with reference to some value principle. Throughout our life, we learn from our experiences. Our behaviour change according to the situation. Thus, throughout our life we keep adjusting and adapting to different values.
In this sense, values give meaning to human life, while guiding our behaviour. Our actions are moulded by our decisions, which are guided by our attitude and beliefs. Since values play a formative role in building our beliefs and attitude, they play a central role in guiding our actions and responses. Read More…