Tag Archive | culture

Iconography in Indian Art


The construction of divine images and their subsequent meditation and worship brought pureness in thinking and gave mental peace to the human being. Iconography means depiction of images through different artistic style. In Indian sculptural art, images are the symbolic representations of divinity whose origin and end is expressed through the religious and spiritual beliefs. Read More…


Important News from The Hindu:

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[Part 2] Iconography in India: Buddhism

The Dhyani Buddhas are peculiar kind of Buddhas, Who are not required to pass surpass the stages of a Bodhisattva. They are always engaged in peaceful meditation and abstain themselves from the act of creation. Among the Dhyani Buddhas, Amitabha always faces west when he is represented on ‘Stupa’. His two hands with palm open lie on his lap one upon the other forming the meditative posture. ‘Maitreya may be represented as a standing figure, adorned by rich ornaments and holding stalk of lotus on his right hand. He is shown with Dharma chakra mudra through his right hand while holding vase on his left hand.

Following are the important Mudras commonly represented in Buddha images :


Buddhism- Abhaya

Abhaya means ‘no fear’ and this mudra shows the Buddha giving blessings, reassurance and protection to his followers.

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An Insight into the Symbolism in Indian Art

Indian art and sculpture

Symbolism in Indian art is referred to ideological depiction on sculpture and architecture. The emergence of architectural and sculptural aspects of various forms like temple, Stupas and caves etc under the patronage of state has reached its developed stage during Mauryan period from its early terracotta forms. The Asokan pillar, the animals and carvings on the pillars, representation of Buddha in the form of foot print, Bodhi tree, Stupa with glassy polish surface, all show the maturity of artist.

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GS Paper I for IAS Mains: Things You should Keep in Mind

Decoding the GS Paper-I

You might feel that GS Paper-I is the easiest of the four GS papers for IAS Mains. True, that it is possible to score well in this paper, but the content and syllabus is a little tricky and confusing.

Mains GS 1 Components

The GS Paper-I actually comprise of a number of subjects, that have been put into a single container:

1. Indian Culture and Art Forms 2. Indian History (Ancient to Modern)
3. Indian Society and Issues (related to Sociology) 4. World History
5. Geography (World) 6. Geography (Theory)


It’s not easy to get hold of each of these subjects. However, left with no choice, you have to go through every bit of the paper, deeply and sincerely.

We would recommend you to devote your time well for the subjects that you are more comfortable with, and save yourself from excessive stress by trying to impose the concepts that just pass over your head.

A few friends of Aspirant Forum have mentioned their inability to study the concepts related to culture (like temple art forms, paintings, dance forms etc.).

You should understand that it is better to devote your time fruitfully for the subjects that can deliver more, rather than trying to struggle hard with the subjects that are unfaithful to you. Any serious aspirant carries a basic knowledge of all the aspects of the syllabus, thus, be confident that you will be at least a couple of points for areas that you are scared of.


What to Do?

Let’s discuss each part of the GS Paper-I and see what should be the strategy:

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Ashoka| Dhamma meant Righteousness

Ashoka edicts which had been the oldest surviving documents of history of India have described the concept of Dhamma very well. These edicts which are found scattered all over the Indian subcontinent basically define the policy and instructions of Ashoka’s officials and subjects. It was after the Kalinga War that Ashoka had underwent a complete change of heart and thus visualized ‘Dhamma.

Buddha Dhamma Read More…

Current Events Chronology: Compilation for Miscellaneous events Jan-July 2014

Dear friends,

The importance of current affairs has increased in the recent years. As a result, we spend a lot of time reading and researching the newpapers and magazines. We have compiled important news and current events for the months of January to mid-July, to help the fellow aspirants prepare for the exams.

This is the Miscellaneous section of the news and events for the months of January to mid-July. It covers issues related to health, sports, culture, art, disease etc.

We will update and cover the coming months soon.

Hope it will be helpful for the fellow aspirants in their jouney to the UPSC.

Thank you for your support and appreaciation.

All the material related to the current events have been placed, in a revised form in a chronological order. This will help you know about the events in a systematic order.

Here is a sample of events that the file would cover: Read More…