Ethics and morality are the branch of philosophy which deals with values of human conduct in the rightness or wrongness of certain actions. Unlike the traditional concept of Bureaucracy which anticipated it as a valueless concept, NPA (New Public Administration) movement in the sixties, treated it as a strong case for values, relevance, change and equity in the field of administration.
Many of the provisions of our constitution has been borrowed from the Government of India Act of 1935 as well as from the constitution of various other countries that includes USSR, France, Japan, Germany and many more. The fundamental rights as described in Articles 12 – 35 of Constitution of India constitute the philosophical part of the constitution and are inspired from the American constitution. These rights are the basic human rights and apply to every citizen of India irrespective of religion, colour, sex, birth place, race or caste. They guarantee development of human personality.
Women Empowerment refers to increasing and improving the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right to women. It helps women to control and benefit from resources, assets, income and their own time, as well as the ability to manage risk and improve their economic status and wellbeing. Many of the barriers to women’s empowerment and equity lie ingrained in cultural norms. Many women feel these pressures, while others have become accustomed to being treated inferior to men. Empowering women to participate fully in economic life across all sectors is essential to build stronger economies, achieve internationally agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for women, men, families and communities.
Child labour in India is biggest problem in India. The main reason is poverty and lack of social security. Commercialisation of education and lack of good quality of education and facilities in the government school do not able to stop the child labour. This situation has to be evaluated at the current scenario.
As we know that child are the future of the country, but the mud of child labour become very harmful to the child rather it is directly affect the future of the nation. Therefore, Government of India has enacted Right to Education (RTE) and also amended Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 to keep distance from child labouring as well as facilitate the better and free education, easy admission in schools, listened the children’s health to prohibit the engagement of children in all occupations and of adolescents in hazardous occupations and processes and facilitate the rules and regulation of convention of International Labour Organisation (ILO).
The bureaucracy and Development have been famous and complex terms. These meanings have been controversial. It was in the post war period that and both developments, consciousness and developmental effort are developing independent bureaucracy. The growth of sound Bureaucracy has been considered unavoidable for development. In a developing country like India, both development efforts and bureaucracy have functioned together for over six decades. The role of bureaucracy in development has been controversial and debatable.
There is no agreed meaning of for the development. The simple meaning of the term development found in dictionaries is its end orientation. Development is defined into a better, fuller, higher and mature condition. The main tendency, however among many theorists is to consider development as an endless activity.
Before moving on to the discussion on Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme, firstly we have to understand- ‘what is Subsidy and why it is given?’ Subsidy is a mechanism of welfare state in which government extended its support to the institution, business or individual in the form of a cash payment or a tax reduction. It is generally used as a form of support for particular portions of a nation’s economy which can assist struggling markets by lowering the burdens placed on them, or encourage new developments by providing financial support for the endeavors.
Work Management includes the integrated processes and procedures that help the organisation schedule work more efficiently, meet consumer’s needs, utilize assets and evaluate performance.
The essence of development administration is to bring about change through integrated, organised and properly directed governmental action. In the recent past the governments in most of the developing nations have shifted their focus on development by means of planned change and people’s participation. With this shift of administrative concern towards developmental objectives the researchers and practitioners of Public Administration have been forced to conceptualise the developmental situation and to bridge the gaps in administrative theory. The growing welfare functions of the government have brought into limelight the limitations of the traditional theory of administration.