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ROLE OF ETHICS AND MORALITY IN ADMINISTRATION


Ethics and morality are the branch of philosophy which deals with values of human conduct in the rightness or wrongness of certain actions. Unlike the traditional concept of Bureaucracy which anticipated it as a valueless concept, NPA (New Public Administration) movement in the sixties, treated it as a strong case for values, relevance, change and equity in the field of administration.

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Basics of Public administration


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What is Public Administration?

Public administration has many definitions, but will put some layman understanding of Public Administration that will give you a more peripheral vision. We will first discuss the ambit of Pub. Adm.  i.e Cross-disciplinary- Political Science, Sociology, Business Administration, Psychology, Law, Anthropology, Medicine, Forestry and so on. Read More…

Basics of Public Administration – Nature and Scope


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There are two important views regarding to the Nature of Public Administration, that is, Integral and Managerial views.

  • The integral view: Administration is the sum total of all the activities such as; manual, clerical, managerial, etc., which are undertaken to realise the objectives of the organisation. According to this view, all the acts of officials of the government from the attendant to the secretaries to the government and head of the state constitute Public Administration. Henri Fayol and L.D. White are the supporters of this view.
  • The managerial view: According to this veiw of administration, the managerial activities of people who are involved in planning, organising, commanding, coordinating and controlling (POCCC- according to H. Fayol) constitute Public Administration.

This view regards administration as getting things done and not doing things. Luther Gullick, Herbert Simon, Smithburg and Thompson are the supporters of this view. The managerial view excludes Public Administration from non-managerial activities such as manual, clerical and technical activities.

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Mary Parker Follett: Philosophy of Administration and Organisation


Marry Parker Follett was the first lady pioneer in the field  of administrative thought. She evolved the principle of human association and organisation specifically in terms of industry and convinced businessmen of practicability of these principles in dealing  with current problems. She embarked on a series of speculations in the 1920s that were to signal the advent of new era in administrative theory. Her important works are:

1. “The Speaker of the House of Representatives” (1896)

2. “The New State: Group of Organisation, the Solution of Popular  Government” (1918)

3. “The Creative  Experience” (1924)

4. “Dynamic Government” (1941)

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Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP): Amendment, Sanctions and Criticism


The Directive Principles of State Policy been declared as the fundamental principles in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws. Hence, they impose a moral responsibility on the state authorities for their application.

Directive Principles of State Policy

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Development Administration: Concept and Features


The essence of development administration is to bring about change through integrated, organised and properly directed governmental action. In the recent past the governments in most of the developing nations have shifted their focus on development by means of planned change and people’s participation. With this shift of administrative concern towards developmental objectives the researchers and practitioners of Public Administration have been forced to conceptualise the developmental situation and to bridge the gaps in administrative theory. The growing welfare functions of the government have brought into limelight the limitations of the traditional theory of administration.

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India and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)


The sustainable development goals (SDGs) proposed by the Open Working Group of the General Assembly of the United Nations recognise the importance of the natural environment and its resources to human well-being. As a whole, it is definitely a worthy charter for the twenty-first century, as it addresses the diverse challenges that we face as a global community. SDG 7—to “ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”—is a challenge confronting every country that touches everyone. To understand the necessity of meeting this goal, and what is required to do so, we should unpack the statement of the goal itself. The four dimensions of SDG 7 are affordability, reliability, sustainability and modernity. These different dimensions are not mutually exclusive. They overlap, and in some cases even entail each other. Read More…

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS


Many of the provisions of our constitution has been borrowed from the Government of India Act of 1935 as well as from the constitution of various other countries that includes USSR, France, Japan, Germany and many more. The fundamental rights as described in Articles 12 – 35 of Constitution of India constitute the philosophical part of the constitution and are inspired from the American constitution. These rights are the basic human rights and apply to every citizen of India irrespective of religion, colour, sex, birth place, race or caste. They guarantee development of human personality.

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Gender Budgeting- A tool for women empowerment


Women Empowerment refers to increasing and improving the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right to women. It helps women to control and benefit from resources, assets, income and their own time, as well as the ability to manage risk and improve their economic status and wellbeing. Many of the barriers to women’s empowerment and equity lie ingrained in cultural norms. Many women feel these pressures, while others have become accustomed to being treated inferior to men. Empowering women to participate fully in economic life across all sectors is essential to build stronger economies, achieve internationally agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for women, men, families and communities.

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Child Labour in India


Child labour in India is biggest problem in India. The main reason is poverty and lack of social security. Commercialisation of education and lack of good quality of education and facilities in the government school do not able to stop the child labour. This situation has to be evaluated at the current scenario.

As we know that child are the future of the country, but the mud of child labour become very harmful to the child rather it is directly affect the future of the nation. Therefore, Government of India has enacted Right to Education (RTE) and also amended Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 to keep distance from child labouring as well as facilitate the better and free education, easy admission in schools, listened the children’s health to prohibit the engagement of children in all occupations and of adolescents in hazardous occupations and processes and facilitate the rules and regulation of convention of International Labour Organisation (ILO).

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