Aspirant Forum presents the Mains 2014 Answer key. Our team has tried to strictly adhere to the wordlimit.
Last year’s Mains examination experience has shown that unless the Paper is attempted in the suggested wordlimit, it is difficult to complete the paper. Thus, our effort has been to write the answers within the prescribed word limit.
We welcome the aspirants to discuss the answers. You may discuss about the questions in the comments section.
Question 1. To what extent has the urban planning and culture in the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss
Answer. The urban planning and culture of the Indus valley civilization provided the input to the present day urbanization in many way:
The General Studies Paper 1 of the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination 2014 marked a few changes as compared to the Mains 2013 paper.
In a major change, UPSC discarded the short questions (5 marks), carrying only the 10 mark questions. There has been a mixed response to this step as many of the aspirants have hailed this change as beneficial for the candidates.
Nevertheless, let’s move on to the analysis of the paper:
Composition of the GS Paper-1
The total number of questions in the GS Paper 1 was 25, with each question carrying 10 marks, and a word limit of 150 words.
As for the areas from which the questions were asked:
|Areas||Number of Questions||Total Marks|
|Art and Culture||5||50|
India has a population of over 12 crore. Among them, on an average every third person in a city is a youth. Large number of population and less opportunities has created an environment of competition in India. The growing population is also increasing the level of competition for youths. The impacts of growing level of competition are both positive and negative on youths.
With the growing level of competition, there is a large fraction of youth who have adjusted themselves. They have shown some positive impacts of competition.
Encouraging youths to work hard:
Success not comes easily in the environment of competition. Youths need to work hard.
UPSC Civil Services Mains 2014 started with the Essay paper. As a major reform, UPSC had, this time, asked the aspirants to write two essays of 1000-1200 words each.
The Change in Strategy
Note that due to the change the required word limit and number of essays, there is a change in the technique that the candidates require to adopt for the Essay paper. Earlier, a candidate could devote an adequate time to plan and structure the essay. But now, due to the increased number of essays to be written, you might not be able to devote the same amount of time. Further, since the new word limit is only 1000-1200 words, you require to discuss the points in a not-too-long manner.
Also important, is to devote sufficient time for both the essays. Candidates should view the changed pattern of the essay paper positively. Thus, even if you are not comfortable with the essay topic, you get another chance to compensate through the second essay. Thus, it is important that you balance the two essays in the paper.
We predict that due to the changed pattern, the mean score in the essay paper might witness a slight increase. (that’s a good thing for the candidates)
Coming to the Essay
The UPSC IAS Mains 2014 English Compulsory paper took place in the afternoon shift on December 14, 2014.
UPSC has made a few changes in the structure of the paper. However, the overall structure remained, more or less, the same.
Below is the English Compulsory paper of UPSC IAS Mains 2014:
The UPSC IAS Mains 2014 Essay paper took place on December 14, 2014 in the morning shift.
Unlike the Mains 2013 paper, this year’s paper was different as it asked the candidates to write two essays, in 1000-1200 words each.
Our analysis and understanding suggests that the new pattern is a welcome move, as it is easier to write two different essays, as compared to one big essay of 2500 words. You can devote your time in two different topics better. It is also easier to enhance the quality of the essay, as compared to the 2500 words essay.
It was found that the paper was divided into two sections, of equal weightage. However, an overview of the paper shows that the Section A was more philosophical in nature, while the Section B was theory based.
Nevertheless, let us see what were the topics for the essays, that the UPSC required the aspirants to write:
Essay paper 2014
India is world’s second-largest population and ninth largest economy; it’s the biggest democracy in existence and one of the oldest nations in history. But India is not very good at winning Olympic medals. There’s no single or certain answer to why, but India’s astonishingly poor performance offers some insights into just what does make an Olympic winner, and doesn’t.
The obvious question — why does India, despite a population of over one billion, field so few medalists? It is frequently ask as it is difficult to answer. There’s no consensus, no obvious explanation, no single unified theory of Indian Olympic under-performance. Though there are certainly some factors particular to India that might explain this trend, this story might say as much about the better-performing countries and their ability to exploit certain advantages that India lacks , so need of hour for India is to exhaust the lost opportunities that India lasted earlier and start from the scratch.
It’s important to note that Indian athletes are no slouches. Indian cricket and field hockey teams are routinely among the world’s finest, and the country has an outstanding in a number of events at the Commonwealth Games, in which 50-plus former British colonies compete in a sort of mini-Olympics. After all, counting Olympic medals would be a poor way of quantifying a country’s overall athletic talent, because that’s not what the Olympics are about. India might have thousands of the world’s best runners, swimmers, archers, or basketball players. So there’s nothing about India or Indians that says they have to under-perform in sports, because they often don’t, so India have to learn from the China where the sporting talent are effectively work on different platform, which bring them glory and excel to do well. With the same ethos and dedication, India should break the vicious cycle for such sporting congregation.
So how to explain the Olympic medal deficiency? There are a number of theories. Probably the most common is that both India as a country and Indians as individuals just have other priorities. “Sport was never a priority for a majority of [Indian] parents and their kid, this notion and attitude toward sport should be plucked out to be in the picture.
It’s not just that Indians are poor — Indian GDP per capita is well into the bottom quartile of all countries, but they’re also weakened by poor infrastructure and governance, which touches everything from public health to education to opportunities for advancement. Why rich countries tend to perform so well in the Olympics, boosted by better access to athletics infrastructure such as swimming pools and tennis courts, by “talent magnetism,” and other factors.
And, though India has an enormous population, its “effectively participating population” are low. They’re excluded by poor childhood health, physical isolation by poor transportation from the athletics centers in the big cities, or often because they simply are not sufficiently aware of the Olympics or the sports involved. Even the lack of connectedness across Indian communities may play a role, as the idea of competing for national prestige just doesn’t carry the same appeal or logic. India government and sporting authority perform brilliantly to skip off infrastructure problem to athlete and to the common mass.
Other developing countries besides India have managed to do quite well at the Olympics. China lead the world in gold medals in 2008, so why not India? though China has hundreds of millions of rural and urban poor, it also has a skyrocketing population of well-connected, well-educated, well-nourished citizens who make up the “effectively participating population.” It’s also possible to see a slight correlation between Olympic medals and developing countries that are run by strong central governments interested in fostering national prestige. Cuba, North Korea, China today, and once upon a time the Soviet Union invest heavily in finding and fostering competitive athletes. The Indian government, at this point, would probably just like to keep the light on , and is perhaps too decentralized for a China-style campaign to galvanize national athletic talent.
Still, income and governance alone can’t explain India’s under-performance, India, has to identify an Olympic event where its people might exceptionally excel.
Team Aspirant Forum
With Great Power comes Great Responsibility, are the words given by Spiderman Voltaire.
Power without a purpose becomes dangerous. The greatest attribute of a moral-ethical power is that, it is never imposed/forced. A power/authority, responsibly exercised, is always respected and upheld. whereas, power, that is arbitrary and autocratic, is bound to be overthrown, either through revolution or by reform.
The axiom of “with great power comes great responsibility” has been cherished since the days of Aristotle and Plato. The elements of power and responsibility are important means that decide the ethical aspect and acceptability of an act.