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Formation dates of Indian States


India well-known for its kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage.

Before moving on to the discussion of the formation dates and years of the Indian States, firstly know that the historical background of the demarcation, annexation and formation of Indian states.

Before independence, India was divided into 565 princely states. These princely states believed in independent governance, which was the biggest obstacle in building a strong India.

India Map Drawing Unfolding Old Paper Scroll 3D

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Private Members’ Bill


The concept of Private Members’ Bill is central to a deliberative democracy because it envisages that the political decisions should be the product of fair and reasonable discussion and debate among citizens.

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Public Safety Act (PSA)


Why Public Safety Act in the news?

Recently, the former Jammu & Kashmir chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti, National Conference general secretary and former minister Ali Mohammed Sagar, senior PDP leader Sartaj Madani were detained under the stringent PSA by the administration. Interesting fact to know that, the Act was first promulgated in 1978 during the chief ministerial tenure of Sheikh Abdullah, father of Farooq Abdullah. This act is referred as a ‘draconian Act’ by the many political leaders and parties.

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What is Green Bonus Demand and reason for demanding Green Bonus by the Himalayan States?


Recently, Himalayan states for the first time in the history came together on a single platform (i.e. Conclave of the Himalayan States) to take an unanimous stand on the surface of the long-standing problem of integration of the mountain regions with the mainstream India.

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Right to Information Act: Challenges Ahead


Right to Information (RTI) is act of the Parliament of India to provide for setting out the practical regime of the right to information for citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002. Under the provisions of the Act, any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerise their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally.

RTI Activist bb

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Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP): Amendment, Sanctions and Criticism


The Directive Principles of State Policy been declared as the fundamental principles in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws. Hence, they impose a moral responsibility on the state authorities for their application.

Directive Principles of State Policy

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Why the Economic Survey is important before presenting budget?


An economic survey is one of the flagship annual document of the ministry of finance. It reviews the developments in the economic structure of India over the past 12 months. It encapsulates the performance of major development programmes and also highlights the policy initiatives of the Indian government along with the growth of the economy in the short to medium term prospective.

The first Economic Survey of India was presented in the year 1950-51. It was presented along with the union budget till 1964 after which it was segregated from the union budget. Read More…

India and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)


The sustainable development goals (SDGs) proposed by the Open Working Group of the General Assembly of the United Nations recognise the importance of the natural environment and its resources to human well-being. As a whole, it is definitely a worthy charter for the twenty-first century, as it addresses the diverse challenges that we face as a global community. SDG 7—to “ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”—is a challenge confronting every country that touches everyone. To understand the necessity of meeting this goal, and what is required to do so, we should unpack the statement of the goal itself. The four dimensions of SDG 7 are affordability, reliability, sustainability and modernity. These different dimensions are not mutually exclusive. They overlap, and in some cases even entail each other. Read More…

Citizens’ Charter: Instrument of organisational transparency and accountability


The Citizens’ Charter is an instrument which seeks to make an organisation transparent, accountable and citizen friendly. A Citizens’ Charter is basically a set of commitments made by an organisation regarding the standards of service which it delivers.

Image Source: bpi.da.gov.ph

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