Recently, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Amendment Bill 2020 was passed in Lok Sabha. For expanding access of women to safe and legal abortion services on therapeutic, eugenic, humanitarian or social grounds.
- Aims to increase upper gestation limit for termination of pregnancy under certain conditions and to strengthen access to comprehensive abortion care, under strict conditions, without compromising service and quality of safe abortion.
The term “good governance” is being used in development literature. Bad governance is being increasingly regarded as one of the root cause of all evil within our societies. The concept is elusive and value laden. Hence proved to be difficult to define accurately.
The outline of the concept attempted to sketch through two documents.
What is Section 144?
- Section 144 CrPC empowers a district magistrate, a sub-divisional magistrate (SDM) or any other executive magistrate to issue orders to prevent and address urgent cases.
- Written orders passed under Section 144 may be directed to an individual, or to residents of a particular area, or to the general public visiting a particular place or area.
- In emergency cases, the magistrate can pass these orders without prior notice to the individual against whom the order is directed.
India well-known for its kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage.
Before moving on to the discussion of the formation dates and years of the Indian States, firstly know that the historical background of the demarcation, annexation and formation of Indian states.
Before independence, India was divided into 565 princely states. These princely states believed in independent governance, which was the biggest obstacle in building a strong India.
Why Public Safety Act in the news?
Recently, the former Jammu & Kashmir chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti, National Conference general secretary and former minister Ali Mohammed Sagar, senior PDP leader Sartaj Madani were detained under the stringent PSA by the administration. Interesting fact to know that, the Act was first promulgated in 1978 during the chief ministerial tenure of Sheikh Abdullah, father of Farooq Abdullah. This act is referred as a ‘draconian Act’ by the many political leaders and parties.
Recently, Himalayan states for the first time in the history came together on a single platform (i.e. Conclave of the Himalayan States) to take an unanimous stand on the surface of the long-standing problem of integration of the mountain regions with the mainstream India.
Right to Information (RTI) is act of the Parliament of India to provide for setting out the practical regime of the right to information for citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002. Under the provisions of the Act, any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerise their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally.
The Directive Principles of State Policy been declared as the fundamental principles in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws. Hence, they impose a moral responsibility on the state authorities for their application.