Buddhism provided a fresh momentum to the Indian culture in the intellectual, literary, artistic and architectural field even it has completely vanished from India, its birth place. Like Jainism, Buddhism went a long way in influencing the Indian culture and mind set of the people.
Lord Gautam Buddha gave us four guiding principles. These are: there is suffering in life; the ground of suffering is desire; ending desire implicates ending suffering; and following a controlled and moderate lifestyle will end desire, and consequently end suffering. During the Indian National Movement, the major force of Satyagrahi which was based on Ahimsa—came from Buddhism.
Mohandas Karam Chandra Gandhi, whom we all refer to as Mahatma Gandhi or The Father of the Nation was the inventor of satyagraha. The title Mahatma which literary means a high-soul was given to him for inspiring the nation for civil rights and freedom across the world using non-violence and civil disobedience movements. He was the heart and soul of the fight for independence and brought down the British Empire to its knees by his very own weapons of non-violence, brotherhood and Satyagraha.
The Chola Empire was the first feudatory of the Pallavas of Kanchi which was founded by Vijayalaya. The Cholas have left behind fantastic architectural pieces and culture. It certainly had left behind a long lasting legacy. It is due to them that we see some great temples and buildings in Tamil Nadu. Also they contributed immensely to the Tamil Literature.The king went on regular tours to ensure efficient administration.
The industrial populations of India, before modern methods of production were introduced, were of two types, the village artisans and those engaged in specialisation crafts in the towns. The craftsmen in the towns made goods of utility as well as luxury products and had markets both inside and outside the country.
The British conquest of India was nearly complete by 1856. The process of British conquest was not a smooth one because there was hardly a year during this period when there was no revolt against the British in one part of the country or the other. The mightiest of these revolts broke out in 1857, which shook the very foundations of the British rule in India.
Communalism refers to a politics that seeks to unify one community around a religious identity in hostile opposition to another community. It seeks to define this community identity as fundamental and fixed. It attempts to consolidate this identity and present it as natural – as if people were born into the identity, as if the identities do not evolve through history over time.