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Role of Social Institutions in Inculcating Values


Inculcating Values

Men and society has always been concerned about the social milieu in which we live. Thus, men of great intellect and vision have made deep insights into the issues of ethics and morality, in their attempt to explore the appropriate ‘means’ and ‘ends’ of the human life.

Education of an individual has a long-lasting impact. Thus, there is a great emphasis on the nature and scope of education system in reforming and inculcating the human life with ethical principles. There has been a realization of the urgent need to control our materialistic impulses through the development of cognition, belief and emotions. That is why, the theme of value education has become very important in the contemporary society.

In India, the National Policy on Education (1986) reiterated the same need for value education. Read More…

Virtue and Vice: Various Perspectives


Virtue and Vice

Greek Philosophers believed virtue as excellence of any kind. A virtue is a character trait or quality that is valued as good, by the society. Virtues generally further the good of the society and the individual. It is a disposition of the character to act in an appropriate and beneficial way.

Virtues can be seen in the context of values. A value is a core yardstick of measuring the desirability and appropriateness of the things we observe around. Every individual abides by some values that guide his actions and beliefs. Likewise, every society upholds certain values that are valued as important for the establishment of a good life. However, it is not necessary that an individual’s values are in conformity to the social values. Read More…

Problem- Solving [Part-II]


Thinking patterns

Problem solvers should choose appropriate patterns, responding to situations. Hence, the problem-solvers should adhere four universal patterns to make good decision which is discussed below:strategic thinking, emotional thinking, realistic thinking, and empirical thinking.

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  • Strategic thinking: Focus, or bias, is the criterion for strategic thinking. If you judge whether a situation is right or wrong based on whether the situation is focused or not, your judgement is strategic. A strategy is not necessarily strategic. Historically, many strategists such as Confucius in ancient China, Naplon, M. Porter proposed strategic thinking when they develop strategies.
  • Emotional thinking: In organizations, an emotional aspect is essential. Tactical leaders judge whether a situation is right or wrong based on the participant’s emotional commitment. They think that if participants can be positive to a situation, the situation is right.
  • Realistic thinking
  1. Start from what we can do
  2. Fix the essential problem first

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Problem Solving [Part-I]


Problem-solving is cognitive process that comprises of discovering, analysing and solving problems. The ultimate goal of problem-solving is to overcome obstacles and find a solution that best resolves the issue. The unique situation creates the best strategy for solving problems, and also creativity and insight are the best options.

Before moving on to the discussion, firstly know that-“What is Problems?” Problem is a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved. We often see people always get stuck and struggle at a point and this will strategised them to react to resolve the problems. Lasswell stresses: “Knowledge of the decision process implies systematic and empirical studies of how strategies are made and put into effect”. Hence, Problem-solving does more analysis of hypothesis, predictions, Causation, and optimising, there develops a body of potential premises that can be used in deducing conclusions, just as Chemistry was able to deduce the existence of new elements before they were empirically discovered. But all these attributes can only possible to adhere, if a person poses some universal steps that discussed below.

 

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COMMUNALISM IN INDIA


Communalism refers to a politics that seeks to unify one community around a religious identity in hostile opposition to another community. It seeks to define this community identity as fundamental and fixed. It attempts to consolidate this identity and present it as natural – as if people were born into the identity, as if the identities do not evolve through history over time.

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EUTHANASIA: AN ETHICAL DILEMMA


The debate over the ethicality of mercy killing became alive in 2011 in India when a women activist filed a petition seeking mercy killing of Aruna shanbaug ,a rape victim, who had been on permanent vegitative state for last 39 years.Before going in to ethicality of Euthanasia we should understand the concept.

WHAT IS EUTHANASIA

Euthanasia also called “Mercy Killing” is the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering. This assumes that a patient is aware that they are going to die, and in some cases, they must administer the poison themselves. This is also called assisted suicide.There are two types of euthanasia -Active Euthanasia and Passive euthanasia. Read More…

IAS Mains 2014 GS-4 Paper Analysis and Review


The Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude Paper of 2014 was a bit different from the 2013 as it contained questions requiring more brain-storming.

Again, the UPSC has failed the pseudo-coaching gurus by not going into the technical-legal aspects. The questions were general in nature, and asked were based on general awareness and aptitude of the aspirant.

In terms of the questions, UPSC did not ask many statement-based questions this time. Rather, questions sought to derive the views of the candidate.

Though the number of questions, as per the UPSC paper was lesser, we have, here, considered each sub-part as a question. Thus, the total number of question in this analysis are much more than the original question paper.

Here is the analysis of the Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude paper of 2014. For the sake of better understanding, Aspirant Forum has divided the questions in the following categories:

Section Questions Total Marks
Theoretical 2 20
Application Based 4 40
Statement Based 2 20
Thinker Based 1 10
Personal Experience and Suggestions 4 40
Case Studies (Section B) 6 120
Total 19 250

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[Part 4] Contribution of the Western Thinkers: Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato


pythagoras Plato Socrates

Introduction: Ancient Greek Philosophy

Greek Philosophers believed virtue as excellence of any kind. A virtue is a character trait or quality that is valued as good, by the society. Virtues generally further the good of the society and the individual. It is a disposition of the character to act in an appropriate and beneficial way.

Virtues can be seen in the context of values. A value is a core yardstick of measuring the desirability and appropriateness of the things we observe around. Every individual abides by some values that guide his actions and beliefs. Likewise, every society upholds certain values that are valued as important for the establishment of a good life. However, it is not necessary that an individual’s values are in conformity to the social values.

Given the broad spectrum of human values, values can be broadly categorized into four groups- Read More…

[Part-I] Institutional prospective with e-(Electronic)


 

e-choupal

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e-choupal is a Hindi word which means “village meeting place”. It is a virtual market place where farmers can transact directly with a processor and can realize better price for their produce.The programme  installs computers with Internet access in rural areas of India to offer farmers up-to-date marketing and agricultural information. It link directly with rural farmers via the Internet for procurement of agricultural and aquaculture products like soybeans, wheat, coffee, and prawns; and also tackles the challenges posed by Indian agriculture, characterized by fragmented farms, weak infrastructure and the involvement of intermediaries.

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Good Governance


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The term “good governance” is being used in development literature. Bad governance is being increasingly regarded as one of the root cause of all evil within our societies. The concept is elusive and value laden. Hence proved to be difficult to define accurately.

The outline of the concept attempted to sketch through two documents.

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