“When we do the best we can, we never know what miracle is wrought in our life, or in the life of another” –Helen Keller
The Aim of Civil Services
Civil services is not merely a job or profession, but it’s a platform to make contribution towards making a healthy and prosperous society. Every aspirant should understand the goal of civil services. This ultimate goal of civil service is: to serve the society and the people. So, we should develop a service-oriented attitude, even before entering the Services.
Pre-requisite of Civil Services Examination
In keeping with the theme of development, Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi has launched “The Make in India” campaign, targeted to transform India in to a manufacturing leader.
OBJECTIVE OF THE MAKE IN INDIA PROGRAMME
‘Make in India’ aims at increasing the GDP and tax revenues in the country, by producing products that meet high quality standards, and minimising the impact on the environment.It was also rolled out with the aim of creating millions of jobs in the country.
The debate over the ethicality of mercy killing became alive in 2011 in India when a women activist filed a petition seeking mercy killing of Aruna shanbaug ,a rape victim, who had been on permanent vegitative state for last 39 years.Before going in to ethicality of Euthanasia we should understand the concept.
WHAT IS EUTHANASIA
Euthanasia also called “Mercy Killing” is the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering. This assumes that a patient is aware that they are going to die, and in some cases, they must administer the poison themselves. This is also called assisted suicide.There are two types of euthanasia -Active Euthanasia and Passive euthanasia. Read More…
The Union Cabinet recently approved amendments to the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, that provide for classifying corruption as a heinous crime and longer prison terms for both bribe-giver and bribe- taker. The proposed amendment act will also ensure speedy trial, limited to two years, for corruption cases.
The Prevention of Corruption Act was enacted in 1988.The Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha for the purpose on August 19, 2013.The Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee submitted its report on the Bill to the Rajya Sabha on February 6, last year but the Bill could not be passed.Further amendments are proposed in the Bill as recommended by the Law Commission of India in its 254th report. The present Government,on April 29, decided to add more teeth by adding more amendments to the bill that is pending before the Rajya Sabha.
Under the proposed amendment in the Juvenile Justice Act, approved by the Union cabinet earlier this month, juveniles above 16 years could be treated at par with adults if involved in heinous crimes, like rape and murder, for which there is a minimum imprisonment of seven years.
According to the amendment, the Juvenile Justice Board will decide whether cases where a juvenile is involved in a heinous crime would be tried under the provisions of the Juvenile Justice Act or normal trial court. Read More…
Rice is India’s staple food. Next to China, India is a leading producer of rice in the world. Certain geographical conditions are required like clayey soil, and standing water during growth. Temperature to be uniformly high (above 25°C) and rainfall between 100 to 200 cm is needed. It is a kharif crop.
Rice cultivation is concentrated mainly in the Northern plains which have alluvial soils and adequate water supply. West Bengal is the leading producer of rice.
No Democracy can sustain without giving voice to the voiceless.Restricting the freedom of speech is the manifestation of tyranny.In a democracy we should consider all the voices notwithstanding its unpopularity,as a apart of discussion.
In a landmark judgment upholding freedom of speech, the Supreme Court struck down a provision in the cyber law which provides power to arrest a person for posting allegedly “offensive” content on websites.The supreme court explains that the section 66A would have chilling effect on the freedom of speech under article 19(2) of the constitution. Read More…
After independence we have made lots of progress in dams and water reservoirs, Now India is one of the world’s most prolific dam-builders. Around 4300 large dams already constructed and many more in the pipeline, Almost half of which are more than twenty years old. These dams are major attraction of tourists from all over India.
The Tehri Dam is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India. It is the primary dam of the Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Ltd. and the Tehri hydroelectric complex. The dam is a 260 metres (850 ft) high rock and earth-fill embankment dam. Its length is 575 metres (1,886 ft), crest width 20 metres (66 ft), and base width 1,128 metres (3,701 ft).
Kerala Government has long been demanding construction of a new dam in Mullaperiyar on the Kerala-Tamil Nadu border. Many believe that the existing 116-year-old dam could pose safety hazard.
While the matter rests with the apex court, we look at some of India’s biggest and most famous dams, hailed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as ‘The Temples of a Resurgent India’.
Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, and is near the border between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, is Asia’s second highest at 225.55 m (740 ft) high next to the 261m Tehri Dam. The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m; it is 9.1 m broad. Its reservoir, known as the “Gobind Sagar”, stores up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water, enough to drain the whole of Chandigarh, parts of Haryana, Punjab and Delhi.The 90 km long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is spread over an area of 168.35 km2. In terms of storage of water, it withholds the second largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m.Nangal dam is another dam downstream of Bhakra dam.
In the modern world, there are no domains of work that women haven’t delved into. Words such as chairman and cameraman have been rephrased as chairperson and camera person, to accommodate women. Many a male dominated work place has crumbled under the power of the woman – her spirit and energy. The Indian Armed Forces, which for long was considered a male dominated workplace, now has confident, bold women, molding into every role and setting examples for everyone.
This year’s Republic Parade was remarkable for the prominence it gave to our women warriors.For the first time in the history of India’s Republic Day, women empowerment in the armed forces was showcased as an all-women contingent from the three forces- Army, Air Force and Navy- marched down the majestic Rajpath.
UPSC Civil Services Mains 2014 started with the Essay paper. As a major reform, UPSC had, this time, asked the aspirants to write two essays of 1000-1200 words each.
The Change in Strategy
Note that due to the change the required word limit and number of essays, there is a change in the technique that the candidates require to adopt for the Essay paper. Earlier, a candidate could devote an adequate time to plan and structure the essay. But now, due to the increased number of essays to be written, you might not be able to devote the same amount of time. Further, since the new word limit is only 1000-1200 words, you require to discuss the points in a not-too-long manner.
Also important, is to devote sufficient time for both the essays. Candidates should view the changed pattern of the essay paper positively. Thus, even if you are not comfortable with the essay topic, you get another chance to compensate through the second essay. Thus, it is important that you balance the two essays in the paper.
We predict that due to the changed pattern, the mean score in the essay paper might witness a slight increase. (that’s a good thing for the candidates)