Nobel Prize 2020: Winner list and Their Contribution


Nobel Prize award was first conferred in 1901. It is based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel who was a chemist, engineer, inventor and entrepreneur.

Smart Facts Related to Nobel Prize

  • Nobel Prize: Administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Award Categories: Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, Physiology or Medicine and Economic sciences
  • How does Nobel Prize established: The will of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established five Nobel prizes in 1895
  • When was first prizes were awarded: The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901

Why Nobel Prize winner called as Nobel Laureate?

Nobel Laureate is a person or organisation who is awarded the Nobel Prize. The word “laureate” refers as a laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, it refers to a sign of honour.

Nobel Laureates 2020 and Their Contribution

Nobel Laureates

Field Contribution
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice Medicine Discovered Hepatitis C virus
Roger Penrose Physics Discovered that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity
Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez Discovered supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy
Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna Chemistry Discovered the method for genome editing
Louise Glück Literature For her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal
World Food Programme (WFP) Peace For its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.
Paul R. Milgrom, Robert B. Wilson

 

Economic Sciences

For improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.

Nobel Laureates 2019 and Their Contribution

William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza

Physiology or Medicine Discovered how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.
James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz Physics James Peebles: theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology

And

Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz discovered an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.

John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino Chemistry Discovered the development of lithium-ion batteries.
Peter Handke Literature Discovered an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.
Abiy Ahmed Ali Peace For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.
Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer Economic Sciences For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.

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