AN INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHY
What is Geography?
Geography is the study of the Earth, its features, its inhabitants, and its various phenomena.
Branches of Geography
We usually divide Geography into three branches:
- Physical Geography: branch of Geography dealing with the study processes and patterns in the land, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.
- Human geography: it is the branch of Geography dedicated to the the study of people, communities, cultures, economies on the Earth.
- Environment Geography: it is the branch of geography in which we study interaction between the humans and its surrounding environment.
- Eratosthenes (276-195 BC): He was an ancient Greek Geographer.
- He was known as the father of geography
- Coined the term geography
- Created the earliest maps of the known world
- Presented the concept of latitude and longitude
- Al Idrisi (12th century): Abu Abd Allah Muhammad al-Idrisi al-Qurtubi al-Hasani al-Sabti, also called Al Idrisi, or Dreses was an Arab geographer and cartographer.
- Contributed a lot in the field of cartography.
- Alexander von Humboldt (19th century): He was an enthusiast explorer and naturalist.
- Contributed in the field of physical geography.
- Illustrated the role of weather patterns, geology, and biology in determining the vegetation of an area.
- Immanuel Kant (18th century): He was a geographer and a philosopher.
- Established the role of geography in distributing things in a place,
- Carl Ritter: He was one of those geographers whose efforts helped in establishing geography as a field of study.
- Co-author of 19-volume Geography in Relation to Nature and the History of Mankind (Die Erdkunde im Verhältnis zur Natur und zur Geschichte des Menschen) along with Kant.
- ArnaldoFaustini (1872-1944): A geographer and a cartographer.
- Wrote various books and articles on subjects of poles.