What is Geography?

Geography is the study of the Earth, its features, its inhabitants, and its various phenomena.

Branches of Geography

We usually divide Geography into three branches:

  1. Physical Geography: branch of Geography dealing with the study processes and patterns in the land, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.
  2. Human geography: it is the branch of Geography dedicated to the the study of people, communities, cultures, economies on the Earth.
  3. Environment Geography: it is the branch of geography in which we study interaction between the humans and its surrounding environment.

Famous Geographers

  1. Eratosthenes (276-195 BC): He was an ancient Greek Geographer.
  • He was known as the father of geography
  • Coined the term geography
  • Created the earliest maps of the known world
  • Presented the concept of latitude and longitude
  1. Al Idrisi (12th century): Abu Abd Allah Muhammad al-Idrisi al-Qurtubi al-Hasani al-Sabti, also called Al Idrisi, or Dreses was an Arab geographer and cartographer.
  • Contributed a lot in the field of cartography.
  1. Alexander von Humboldt (19th century): He was an enthusiast explorer and naturalist.
  • Contributed in the field of physical geography.
  • Illustrated the role of weather patterns, geology, and biology in determining the vegetation of an area.
  1. Immanuel Kant (18th century): He was a geographer and a philosopher.
  • Established the role of geography in distributing things in a place,
  1. Carl Ritter: He was one of those geographers whose efforts helped in establishing geography as a field of study.
  • Co-author of 19-volume Geography in Relation to Nature and the History of Mankind (Die Erdkunde im Verhältnis zur Natur und zur Geschichte des Menschen) along with Kant.
  1. ArnaldoFaustini (1872-1944): A geographer and a cartographer.
  • Wrote various books and articles on subjects of poles.



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