The part I of Peasant movement which was an agricultural movement dealt with peasantry under colonialism and early peasant movements. The part II was associated with later peasant movements of 20th century which affected the national freedom struggle to a great extent. The final part III discusses the peasant activity in various provinces.
In the previous article I briefly discussed peasantry under colonialism and some early peasant movements. The part II discusses some of the later peasant movements of 20th century that were deeply influenced by and had a great impact on the national freedom struggle.
Peasant movement is a social movement associated with the agricultural policy. The history of peasant movements can be traced to the economic policies of the Britishers, which have brought about many changes in the Indian agrarian system. The consequences of the British colonial expansion affected the Indian peasantry to a great extent and it rose in revolt from time to time. India is basically an agrarian economy with the bulk of rural population following the occupation of agriculture. Peasants formed the backbone of the civil rebellions, which were often led by zamindars and petty chieftains. In this article I would like to discuss peasantry under colonialism and various peasant movements briefly.