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Uttar Pradesh Special [Part 1]


Uttar Pradesh (UP) is a state located in Northern India. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh.It is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the south east.

It is a land where the multi-hued Indian Culture has blossomed from times immemorial and also has been the area of activity of historical heroes like – Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Mahavira, Ashoka, Harsha, Akbar and Mahatma Gandhi.. Blessed with a variety of geographical land and many cultural diversities, for example- rich and tranquil expanses of meadows, perennial rivers, dense forests and fertile soil. Dotted with various holy shrines and pilgrim places,full of joyous festivals, it plays an important role in the politics, education, culture, industry, agriculture and tourism of India.

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Latitude: 27° 40′ N
Longitude: 80° 00′ E

Symbol of Uttar Pradesh

  • ANIMAL- Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)
  • BIRD- Sarus crane (Grus antigone)
  • FLOWER- Palash (Butea monosperma)
  • TREE- Sita Ashoka (Saraca asoca)

 

Area 2,40,928 Square km.
Population (As per census 2011 Provisional data) 19,95,81,477
(a)Males (As per census 2011 ) 10,45,96, 415
b)Females (As per census 2011 ) 94, 985,062
Decennial Growth rate (2001-2011) (As per census 2011 ) 20.09 percent
Sex Ratio (As per census 2011 ) 908 per thousand
Density (persons per sq. km.) (As per census 2011 ) 828 per thousand
Child Population (0-6 years) (As per census 2011 ) 29,728,235
Child sex ratio (0-6 years) (As per census 2011 )) 899 per thousand
Total Literacy rate-
Persons 69.72 percent
a)Male Literacy 79.24 percent
b)Female Literacy 59.26 percent
Districts 75
Cities & Towns 689
Development blocks 820
Nagar Nigams 12
Members of Lok Sabha from U.P. 80
Members of Rajya Sabha from U.P. 30
Members of U.P. Legislative Assembly 404
Members of U.P. Legislative Council 100
Principal Crops Paddy, Wheat, barley, Millet, Maize, Urad (Black Gram), Moong (Green Gram) Arhar etc.
Principal Fruits Mango, Guava
Principal Minerals Lime-Stone, Dolomite, Soap Stone, Gypsum,Bauxite,Glass-sand, manganese, Non-plastic fire clay etc.
Principal Handicrafts Chikan-work, Embroidery, wood work, wooden toys and furniture, Clay -toys, carpet weaving, Silk & Brassware work.
Principal Follores Birha, Chitee, Kajri, Phaag, Rasia, Alha, Pooran Bhagat, Bhartrahari
Principal rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Ram Ganga, Ghagra, Betwa, Ken
Principal Folk Dances Charkula, Karma, Pandav, Pai-danda, Tharu, Dhobia, Raai, Shaira etc.
Tourist & Historical Places Piparhava, Kaushambi, Shravasti, Sarnath (varanasi), kushinagar, Chitrakoot, Lucknow, Agra, Jhansi, Meerut etc.

 Administrative Structure

Capital—Lucknow

Districts

75
Cities & Towns 689
Development blocks 820
Nagar Nigams 12
Members of Lok Sabha from U.P. 80
Members of Rajya Sabha from U.P. 30
Members of U.P. Legislative Assembly 404
Members of U.P. Legislative Council 100

 

 

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