Archive | March 2015

News for March 24, 2015


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Bihar Public Service Commission-2015


1:Which country has largest coastline?

A. USA               B. Australia

C. Canada         D. India

Explanation – The Top 5 Countries with the Longest Coastline.

Country Coastline Length (km) Coastline Length (miles)
1. Canada 202 080 km 125 570 miles
2.Indonesia 54,716 km 33,999 miles
3.Russia 37,653 km 23,396 miles
4.Philippines 36,289 km 22,559 miles
5.Japan 29,751 km 18,486 miles

 

2: The largest producer of aluminium in the world is

A.France                           B. India

C.USA                              D. Italy

Explanation- Aluminium represents the second largest metals market in the world. China is the largest aluminium producing country in the world. Russia is second, Canada is second and U.S.A is third largest producer of aluminium. Hence, c is correct option.

 

3: The Pennines(Europe), the Appalachians(America) and the Aravallis (India) are examples of

A.Young Mountain                           B.Old Mountain

C.Block Mountain                           D.Fold Mountain

Explanation- Old Mountains have rounded features and low elevation with worn out fold. Hence, the Pennines (Europe), the Appalachians (America) and the Aravallis (India) are examples of old mountains.

4: Match the rivers with the cities through which they are flowing and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

             City            River
a.Rotterdam 1. Seine
b.Paris 2.Potomac
c.Budapest 3.Rhine
d.Washington 4.Danube

Explanation- Rotterdam is situated near Rhine River; Paris is situated near Seine River; Budapest is situated near Danube River; Washington is situated near Potomac River. Hence, c is correct option.

5: Which is the largest metal trading centre?

A.Johannesburg                  B.New York

C.London                        D.Singapore Read More…

News for March 23, 2015


Important News from The Hindu:

[Important for: Prelims/Mains-  Archaeology, History]

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News for March 22, 2015


Important News from The Hindu:

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[Important for: Prelims/Mains-  Sci. & Tech.]

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News for March 21, 2015


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News for March 20, 2015


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News for March 19, 2015


Important News from The Hindu:

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Waste Management in India


The rapid growth of population and urbanization tend towards generating huge amount of waste. As per research, an average of 32,000 people will be added to urban India every day, continuously till 2021. This number is a warning, considering how India’s waste management infrastructure will be able to dispose waste in environment friendly manner. Rate of increase in access to sanitation infrastructure generally lags behind the rate of urbanization by 33% around the world. The lack of planning and improper responses to waste management issues observed in India, which indicates that it would become a major issue of concern in coming years. This means urban Indians will have to wait longer than an average urban citizen of our world for access to proper waste management infrastructure.

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The attitude of late response and response at emergency only is unfortunate because it indicates a lack of or failed effort from the sector to change policy, and also the level of India’s planning and preparedness. It is well known among the small but growing waste management sector that urban India will hit rock bottom due to improper waste management.

The clear trend in the outbreak of epidemic and public protests around India is that they are happening in the biggest cities in their respective regions. Kolkata, Bengaluru, Thiruvananthapuram, and Srinagar are capitals of their respective states, and Coimbatore,the second largest city in Tamil Nadu and Vijaywada. However, long term national level plans to improve waste management in India do not exist and guidance offered to urban local bodies is meagre. The most important thing is that they work closely with the community by increasing clarity and transparency.

Due to lack of existing alternatives, other than diverting waste fractionally by increasing informal recycling sector’s role, closing existing landfills would mean finding new sites.  Finding new landfills in and around cities is nearly impossible because of the track record of dumpsite operations and maintenance in India and the Not in My Backyard (NIMBY) phenomenon. Municipal officials stressed the issue of scarcity of land for waste disposal, which led to overflowing dumpsites and waste treatment facilities receiving more waste than what they were designed for. Despite their inability to properly manage wastes, the majority of municipal officials consider waste as “wealth” when approached by private partners and use technology.

In the short term, municipal corporations have their hands tied and will not be able to deliver solutions immediately. In spite of the mounting pressure, most corporations will not be able to close the dumpsites that they are currently using. They face the task of realizing waste management facilities rather than disposing it safely. The example of bad image of municipalities can be assumed with this-officials of Hyderabad’s municipal corporation have been conducting interviews with locals for about eight years now for a new landfill site but no one avail. Residents near Vellore protested and blocked roads leading to the dump site because Coimbatore municipal officials repeatedly failed to fulfill their promises. It is important that bureaucrats, municipal officials and politicians should be clear about it.

Apart from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNURM), there has been no national level effort to address the problem. Even though JNURM was phenomenal in stimulating the industry and local governments, it was not enough to address the scale and extent of the problem. Swacch Bharat Mission can be said as a program to deal with this problem, but it is mainly concerned with awareness and primary level of this problem. Proper remedy of this problem will come by including major govt. and private sector firms like-Railway, SAIL, ONGC, Reliance, Wipro and non government organizations at local level also. There must be a national level agency with its chapter at state, district & sub-division or Panchayat to tackle this problem with scientific support and technique. The most efficient measure in addressing India’s waste management problem will be the changes at the national policy, planning level and people’s participation.

Author: Amit Jha

News for March 18, 2015


Important News from The Hindu:

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News for March 17, 2015


Important News from The Hindu:

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