BIHAR SPECIAL: PART-2


2015-02-22

Tribes in Bihar

  • Asur,Agaria                                           
  • Mahli
  • Baiga
  • Kisan, Nagesia
  • Banjara
  • Mal Paharia, Kumarbhag Paharia
  • Bathudi
    Bedia
  • Munda, Patar
  • Binjhia
  • Oraon, Dhangar(Oraon)
  • Birhor
  • Parhaiya
  • Birjia
  • Santal
  • Chero
  • Sauria Paharia
  • Chik Baraik
  • Savar
  • Gond
  • Kawar
  • Gorait
  • Kol
  • Ho
  • Tharu
  • Karmali
  • Kora, Mudi-Kora
  • Omitted
  • Korwa
  • Kharia,Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia, Hill Kharia
  • Lohara, Lohra
  • Kharwar
  • Khond

SYMBOL OF BIHAR

  • ANIMAL-OX
  • BIRD- SPARROW
  • FLOWER-MERIGOLD
  • TREE-PEEPAL

ARTS & CRAFTS

  • Mithila Painting or Madhubani Painting  is a style of Indian painting practised in the Mithila region of Bihar especially in Darbhanga and Madhubani district in which powdered rice is coloured and used as pigment.It has five distinctive styles:
  1. Bharni
  2. Katchhi
  3. Tantrik
  4. Nepali
  5. Gobar

Note: * Katchhi and Tantrik is done by Brahmins & Kayashth. Gobar is done by the Dalit & Dusadh.

It received official recognition in 1970, when the President of India gave an award to Jagdamba Devi.

National Awards Winning Artist
  • Mahasundari Devi
  • Sita Devi
  • Godavari Dutt
  • Bharti Dayal
  • Bua Devi

  • Manjusha Art or Manjusha Kala or Angika Art is a folk art of Bhagalpur, Bihar.It is temple-shaped box comprising eight pillars which is made up of bamboo, jute and paper.It contain paintings of Hindu gods and goddesses.According to legend Manjusha Art originated in Anga Pradesh which was in Bihula- Vishashri Pooja, celebrated to please snake god(Nag).

Festivals in Bihar

  • Chhatt Puja
  • Sema-Chakeva
  • Ram-Navami
  • Makar-Sankranti
  • Madhushravani

Dances in Bihar

  • Bidesia is a popular form of dance drama, originated in a twentieth century folk theatre and prevalent in the Bhojpuri-speaking region of Bihar.It is believed that the creator of this plays is Bhikari Thakur, a person barber by profession (from a backward class), left everything in affection of drama.It plays and style of theatre is very popular for their rhythmic language, sweet songs and appealing music. These plays are a true reflection of Bhojpuri culture.
  • Jat-Jatin Dance is the most popular folk dance of North Bihar, namely in Mithila and Koshi region. Usually, it is performed in a couple. The original theme of the dance explains the story of the lovers Jat and Jatin, who were separated and living in difficult situations. But now through “Jat Jatin” many social situations are also discussed like natural calamities situation like droughts and floods.

  • Jumari Dance of Bihar is similar to that of “Garba performed in Gujarat”. Only married women perform it. It is a folk dance of Mithilanchal of Bihar. As many other rituals that are performed by married women, it also signifies a good omen.

  • Harvesting Dance is an agriculture is the main source of earning livelihood in Bihar. This fact is reflected in a better way from all kinds of folk arts.It is believed that there happiness and joy is the symbol of upcoming good harvest. Such dances are closely connected with the local culture & tradition.
  • Kajari dance is a song of rainy season. The popular melodious tune of Kajari songs produces a sweet sensation in body and it is sung from beginning of the Shravan month with the rhythmic note of rainy drops. The main content of these songs is about describing pleasant change that is derived by rainy season.

  • Sohar-Khilouna Dance is a ceremonial dance to celebrate the pleasure of new birth in a family. The birth of a child is celebrated in all parts of the country with different traditional rituals. In Bihar, ladies always sing Sohar on the occasion of birth of a child.

  • Jhijhian dance is also related to rain but its objective is different. It is sung when there is no rain for a long time than its usual arrival. Through `Jhijhian` villagers are portraying drought when there is not a single drop of rain anywhere, the lands are cracked and parched, the sky is lifeless without clouds and the people are awaiting rains – this is the time when the village women pray to Lord Indra for rain.

  • Paika Dance is a dance of martial character. The Paika dance is performed with employing shield and sword. In the dance performance, skills & ability of the dancers in handling sword and shield is displayed. The dance reach at the climax with the fast beats produced by `Mandal`.It is believed that, the word `paika` is derived from the Sanskrit word `Padatika` which means the infantry. Therefore, the name of the dance is Paika (battle) dance.

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