Bihar, state of eastern India. It is bounded by Nepal to the north and by the Indian states of West Bengal to the northeast and Uttar Pradesh to the west. In November 2000 the new state of Jharkhand was created from Bihar’s southern provinces and now forms the state’s southern and south-eastern borders.

The region not only added cultural vanity but also connected Indian history to the inception of human civilization. The state is considered a great center of learning, power and culture. Nalanada and Vikramshila were two of the important seats of learning in ancient Bihar. It has also been home to many powerful dynasties, including the Mauryan Empire.


Latitude:   24°-20′-10″ ~ 27°-31′-15″ N

Longitude:  82°-19′-50″ ~ 88°-17′-40″ E

Population [2011-Census] 10,38,04,637
Males 5,41,85,347
Females 4,96,19,290
Density (per Sq. Km.) [2011] 1,102 per sq. kms
Females per 1000 Males [2011] 916
Birth Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)] 30.9
Death Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)] 7.9

Administrative Structure

Capital Patna
Number of Districts 38
Number of Revenue Villages 45,103
Number of Divisions 9
Number of Sub Divisions 101
Number of Police Stations 853
Number of Blocks 534
Number of Urban Agglomerations 14
Number of   Panchyats 8,406
Number of Villages 45,103
Number of Towns 199
Number of Parliament Constituencies Lok Sabha -40
Rajya Sabha -16
Number of Assembly Constituencies Vidhan Sabha-243
Vidhan Parishad-75
Number of Tribes 33
Official language Hindi

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