Archive | October 2014

Japanese Imperialism


In 1850s, US sent warships under Commodore Perry, and forced the Japanese to open their country for the American shipping and trade. This was known as Gun-boat Diplomacy. Later Japan had similar agreements with Britain, Holland, France and Russia. However, Japan itself emerged as an Imperialist country after the Meiji Restoration.

Japan imperialism

Meiji Restoration

It was a political revolution under which the erstwhile Tokugawa Shogunate, which was a feudal-military government, was replaced with a new imperial government under the Emperor Meiji. Japan adopted the slogan- ‘Wealthy country and strong arms’ and sought to create a nation-state capable of standing equal among western powers. The government took a number of reforms:

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How to Read a Newspaper for IAS Exam


“I see the path that leads towards my destination, but I wonder what is the right way to walk on it”

This is a classic challenge that every aspirant faces. Every one of us know about the importance of reading the newspapers, but it is difficult to keep track of the different current affairs and events. With no option left, you keep searching the different avenues of updating the current affairs.

how to read a newspaper

 

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Ashoka| Dhamma meant Righteousness


Ashoka edicts which had been the oldest surviving documents of history of India have described the concept of Dhamma very well. These edicts which are found scattered all over the Indian subcontinent basically define the policy and instructions of Ashoka’s officials and subjects. It was after the Kalinga War that Ashoka had underwent a complete change of heart and thus visualized ‘Dhamma.

Buddha Dhamma Read More…

Naxalism in India : a 360 degree view


Naxalism

Naxalism in India

So are you one of those people who cringe hearing the word ‘Naxalism’ or you are one of the sympathizers who feel for these group of extremists??Well, to be honest there are enough reasons to be all in favor of the ‘Naxalist Movemovent’ and at the same time there are hundreds of reasons to be against them .Let’s first take a glance at what the movement is all about, their origin, demands and philosophy.

Origin: Read More…

INDIA’S SURROGACY INDUSTRY: NEED FOR REGULATION


Surrogacy is a method of reproduction whereby a woman (referred to as surrogate) agrees to carry a pregnancy and give birth as a substitute for the contracted party/ies. Surrogacy may be Natural (traditional / Straight) or Gestational.

Surrogacy

Surrogacy: The Hired Womb

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Colonization of China


Opium Wars

Opium War

The imperialist occupation of China began with the Opium Wars. Before these wars, only two Chinese ports were open for foreign trade. China was already a prosperous civilization, which had invented paper, printing and gunpowder. There was no need for British goods in China. Thus, British had to pay in gold and silver for the goods imported from China. To cover up their costs of imports, British merchants began smuggling opium from India to China.

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Kautilya’s Saptang Theory of State


The Mauryan era of ancient India gave the world a significant treatise, the Arthashastra of Kautilya.It offers deep insights into political statecraft. Kautilya is known as the Indian Machiavelli because of his ruthless and shrewd tactics and policies reflecting an approach to statecraft including warfare.

Nature of State

Kautilya Saptang Theory

Kautilya Saptang Theory of Sate

The state of ‘nature’ is imagined to be one of total anarchy, in which ‘might was right’.When people were oppressed by Matyanyaya, the law of the fish, according to which the bigger fish swallows the smaller ones they selected Manu– son of Vivasvat the king. Read More…

A few Things you need to know Before Writing the Civil Services Examination


IAS Pattern

The IAS exam ladder

Before starting the preparation, it is very important to have a complete understanding about the exam process, its structure and the various aspects related to the preparation. The complete notification of civil services examination should be studied carefully to understand the structure of the exam and related information. Read More…

(Part-2) FRED W. RIGGS AND HIS CONTRIBUTION IN ADMINISTRATIVE THEORIES


Fred Riggs

LIMITATIONS AND DISCUSSION

Fred W. Riggs’ article “Agraria and Industria: Toward a Typology of Comparative Administration,” published in 1955, won him wide acclaim among scholars. Since the publications of The Ecology of Public Administration (1961) and Administration in Developing Countries (1964), Riggs’ position and reputation in the field of comparative public administration has been peerless. T. Parsons once said that “sociologists all critique Max Weber, but no one can do social research independently and scientifically without referring to Weber’s theories.” In the same manner, those who study comparative public administration will criticize Fred W. Riggs’ “fused-prismatic-diffracted model,” but in conducting research, no one is free of Riggs’ influence.

The limits of Riggs’ theory can be summarized along the following lines. First, one school of thought that supports the “fused-prismatic-diffracted model” believes that this model can replace empirical studies in general. In other words, empirical studies are regarded as having little to no value. The primary reason for this stems from the perspective that empirical studies are time-consuming and expensive. As Milne astutely points out, however, it is dangerous for novice scholars to rely entirely upon model theories. Shortcomings arise when scholars erroneously believe that once one is familiar with one model of administrative theory, one can draw broad conclusions about the administrative features of all regions without conducting empirical research. Read More…

Beginning with Geography for GS


welcome to geography

Relevance of the Subject

Current trend and pattern of CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION makes the subject of geography very important. If we analyze the syllabus ,we can easily find out that geography covers a large part of it. In the prelims, very conceptual questions have been asked on various topics likes phenomena of precipitation, monsoon, pressure, temperature, earthquakes, tsunami etc. To answer these questions, one should have crystal clear understanding of these topics. In main examination, the geography syllabus in GS-I is divided in to three parts: Silent features of world’s physical geography; Distribution of key natural resources across the world, and; Important geographical phenomena.

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