In the previous post on GS Paper 1, we observed the trend of the paper for Indian culture and art forms; Indian History (Ancient to modern) and Indian Society.

Now, let us move towards the other sections of the GS Paper 1.

World History


World History

World History is a very interesting part of the GS Paper 1. According to our analysis, it can prove to be one of the most scoring sections in the paper.

Anyways, let’s see what the UPSC notification has to say about the syllabus covered under World History portion:

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,
redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,
capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Observe that, while the stretch of the syllabus is wide, the topics covered are quite easy to understand. Thus, a little effort should help you fetch good marks in this section. That is why, we highly recommend that an aspirant should not leave this portion.

Unlike the culture part, most of the topics of the world history have fewer dimensions. Thus, they can be prepared in a relatively shorter time.

Let’s analyze the previous year paper, and the proportion of the World History in the paper:

Out of 25 questions, 4 questions (worth 40 marks) came form the world history section. This amount to about 16% of the paper.

Do not take the 16% lightly, as you might get lucky with those marks. (No one can predict UPSC cut-offs!!)

Some useful hints:

  • Given the diverse topics under World History, you might find it difficult to get the study material at one place.
  • You might refer to the Under-graduate study material for world history and international relations.
  • Aspirant Forum also put good reading material on world history regularly. Click here to see the reading material by aspirant forum.

Geography- India and World

Geography India and World

The significance of Geography has increased under the new pattern. It has now become necessary to study and learn geographical concepts. Thus, it is important for you to understand various aspects of geography.

UPSC notification gives the syllabus of geography as:

    • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
      various parts of the world (including India)

While it might be difficult for a student to learn about the distribution of all the resources and minerals, one can try to understand the same through logic and reasoning.

Nevertheless, an analysis of the previous year paper reveals that out of 25 questions, 3 questions (worth 30 marks) came from Geography of India and the World. This amounts to about 12% of the paper.

Some useful hints:

  • Mrunal has done some great work on distribution of resources and other geography articles. you may see that work. click here to see Mrunal Geogrpahy notes
  • Try to update your knowledge with Indian Official sources only, as the UPSC follows only the government sources, and not any other NGO or international sources.

Geography- Theory

Geography natural events

The importance of the various concepts has increased in recent years. UPSC expects the aspirants to be aware of the various geological concepts. Thus, you should understand the causes and occurring of the natural events like- earthquakes, volcanoes, tectonics etc.

UPSC notification mentions the course as:

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes

Thus, you’ll have to acquire a comprehensive understanding of the concepts and events of the nature, in order to answer well.

As for the analysis of the previous year, out of 25 questions , 4 ( worth 40 marks) came from this section. Thus, this section comprise of about 16% of the paper.

Some useful hints:

  • understand the various concepts mentioned in the list. But don’t limit yourself to it. Learn about the various concept, as UPSC can ask questions from anywhere.
  • it is important to update your facts from government sites.
  • The Hindu gives good articles on geological events. Keep track of such articles.

To Sum Up:

You can fetch good marks in GS Paper 1, if you do a selective but comprehensive study of the syllabus. The recent exam pattern has made the analytical ability more important. Thus, instead of memorising the facts, try to understand the working of different concepts, or the inter-linkages between various issues.

The most important thing, while writing any of the GS paper is to be able to write the required content in the requisite time and word limit. Your knowledge is of no use if you are not able to express the same in your writing in the appropriate word limit and time. Thus, start practicing the art of living writing. You may write the answer in point form, if possible. this will save your time.

Aspirant forum will come up with analysis and insights for more papers.

Tell then,

Study Hard, Think Harder!!

Team Aspirant Forum

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  1. Anand says :

    Accept my respect.


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