Beginning with Geography for GS
Relevance of the Subject
Current trend and pattern of CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION makes the subject of geography very important. If we analyze the syllabus ,we can easily find out that geography covers a large part of it. In the prelims, very conceptual questions have been asked on various topics likes phenomena of precipitation, monsoon, pressure, temperature, earthquakes, tsunami etc. To answer these questions, one should have crystal clear understanding of these topics. In main examination, the geography syllabus in GS-I is divided in to three parts: Silent features of world’s physical geography; Distribution of key natural resources across the world, and; Important geographical phenomena.
All these topics covers almost the whole syllabus of geography. This part of GS-I in main examination is very much scoring. A good understanding of geography is also helpful in writing an assay. Overall geography plays an important role in the preparation of civil services examination.So every aspirant should have sound knowledge of this subject.
Exploring the Meaning of Geography
Geography has been derived from two words”Geo” and “Graphy”. Geo simply means earth and graphy means, to write and describe. Therefore geography became description of earth surface.
Different geographer have tried to define geography in their own way and as a result, the definition had undergone several modification with time. For an example, over a period of time geography had simply became the study of relationship between men and nature.
According to HAGGETT, geography is define as study of spatial variation on the earth surface. The most comprehensive and holistic definition was given by famous geographer RICHARD HATSON. According to him, geography is concerned to provide accurate, orderly and rational description and interpretation of variable character of the earth surface. The variable character simply means, how a phenomena varies with space.
Relation Between Geography and Other Disciplines
The following figure depicts the linkage of geography with other subjects.
Classification of Geography
Geography can be broadly divided in to following two categories:
It is the branch of geography concerned with natural features and phenomena of the earth’s surface, as landforms, drainage features, climates, soils, and vegetation. It can be further divided in to following categories:
- ENVIRONMENTAL GEOGRAPHY.
It is the branch of geography dealing with how human activity affects or is influenced by the earth’s surface. It can be further divided in to following types:
- SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY;
- POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY;
- ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY;
- INDUSTRIAL GEOGRAPHY;
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