India- Saudi Arabia Relations: Recent Scenario
Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud visited India, imparting a fresh momentum to the Indo-Saudi relations. He is also the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense of Saudi Arabia.
Earlier, Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz visited India in 2006, and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visited Saudi Arabia in 2010. Manmohan’s visit resulted in the signing of the Riyadh Declaration, which proclaimed that a strategic partnership between the two countries had been established, covering different sectors like- Energy security, IT and outer space.
The signing of the defense pact during the Prince’s visit imply that the focus imparted to the defense ties between the two countries has been retained to a healthy level. However, the ties between the two needs to be carefully nurtured. There is a need to ensure the welfare of the millions of Indians in Saudi Arabia, particularly in the context of the Saudi government trying to provide for a maximum employment for the Saudi nationals, which might adversely impact the job opportunities for Indians.
The Regional Politics
India also need to be diplomatic and cautious of the troublesome relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran, which have deteriorated due to the worsening Syrian crisis. India also need to maintain warmth of its relations with Iran, which is India’s major energy supplier, and also due to the prospective role that Iran can play in Afghanistan, after the withdrawal of US.
Additionally, India should not retaliated against Saudi Arabia, for its close ties with Pakistan. Such dimension should not be allowed to mend the ties between Saudi Arabia and India, so long it does not affect the Indian interest. India might also be expected to play a role in the easing of tensions among Saudi Arabia and Iran, through a constructive positive role.
Courtesy: The Hindu
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