Archive | September 8, 2014

WTO as Protector of Indian Interest

After the creation of the WTO in 1995, there were speculations that India might not benefit from its participation in the international forum. WTO, at that time, was seen as an instrument of the US to further its interest. US' patent rules and regulations could ruin the Indian agriculture and pharmaceutical industry. However, contrary to the expectations, all have been good under the aegis of WTO. Today, WTO stand as India's greatest ally against US pressure on patents.

US pharmaceutical companies have been complaining that Indian patent regime is unfavourable to the US companies, like Novartis, as it does not recognise the patents on certain products. This, US consider, amounts to an infringement of the established norms on intellectual property rights (IPR), and thus producing Indian manufacturers in an advantageous position. Read More…

[Part 3 Industrial Revolution] The Age of Machines and Capitalism


The desire to produce more and at low cost to make higher profits led to the Industrial Revolution, and further growth of capitalism. The Industrial Revolution began in England in about 1750. It was from then that machines began to replace the work of men and animals. Thus, industrial revolution was also referred to as the Machine age.

The first stage of the industrial revolution lasted from the middle of the 18th century to the mid-19th century, and included mechanization of only one consumer industry- cotton industry- and that of certain core and heavy industries like mining and metallurgy, and the development of steam engine.

The second stage of the industrial revolution commenced from second half of the 19th century. It is characterized by the more direct application of science to industry and by the development of the mass production techniques. Read More…

Transgender Community as Third Gender

Recognising the Transgender the Third Sex

There is a significant number of transgender population in India, since ancient times. Indian scriptures have mentioned the role and presence of the transgender community in the Indian society. In times of joy and sorrow, transgender community has been an integral part of the Indian social framework. However, there has been a severe discrimination and neglect towards the Transgender community.

For many decades, the transgender community has lived in darkness and slumber, due to the harsh treatment and stereotypical behavior towards them. Read More…