Ethics can be differentiated from Morality, as the latter is a set of beliefs and practices concerned with what is understood as good and evil. While ethics are philosophical deliberations that come up with the moral justifications and principles that guide our moral values. Thus, ethics has a wider scope than morality. However, still, the terms- ethics and morality are often used interchangeably.
While Morality can limit the scope of human deliberation, in determining the goals and means towards the human ends, Ethics lays faith in the free will of the individual, and gives enough room for the individual to deliberate upon different means to an end, while also providing a moral justification for the same. The obligatory character of ethical norms is derived from the very fact that they are derived on the basis of experience of the ages, based upon human free will.
Are Ethical and Moral Principles Timeless?
The period after 16th century witnessed an intellectual revolution. Renaissance inaugurated an era of questioning the established beliefs. This covered every aspect of thought and belief. Great progress was achieved in various sciences, which also undermined the existing beliefs. Renaissance stands for an intellectual, artistic, literary and scientific movement which widened the mental horizons of man. The new ideas were characterized by rationalism and increasingly concerned secular affairs. Because of the growing emphasis on reason, the period of 18th century in European history is called the Age of Reason or the Age of Enlightenment. Renaissance led Europe out of the middle ages and into the modern times. Read More…